Spartak Moscow football club history, most popular football club in Russia

One of the most popular football clubs in the country. It was founded on April 18, 1922. The most titled football club in Russia. 12-time champion of the USSR, 10-time champion of Russia, 10-time winner of the USSR Cup, 3-time winner of the Russian Cup, winner of the Super Cup of Russia, 6-time winner of the Commonwealth Cup, semi-finalist of the three main club European tournaments (European Champions Cup, Winners Cup UEFA Cups and Cup). Since Soviet times, the cliché “Spartak - the national team” has been widespread. Farm Club "Spartak" - "Spartak-2" - performs in the Football. Read latest betting tips.

Spartak football logo

Spartak Moscow football story

A letter from the Sports Commission of the First Russian Gymnastics Society "Falcon" to E.P. Sveshnikov with an invitation to take part as a judge in speed skating. December 4, 1911 The history of the Spartak football club (Moscow) originates from the Russian Gymnastics Society (RGO Sokol), which was registered and officially founded on May 4 (May 16), 1883. Football itself in the RGO Sokol appeared in the summer of 1897. Here is what the Russian Word newspaper of July 30, 1897 writes:

“The Russian Gymnastics Society, not content with winter gymnastics, is now renting a summer house for this purpose (Petrovsky Park, Istomin’s summer residence). Over the course of this summer, the community organized several games for children and adults, of which there are always plenty. Adults are especially interested in the English foot ball game. " In the spring of 1917, after the February Revolution, the football team of the Russian Geographical Society "Falcon" has its own football stadium in the Presnensky district in Bolshoi Tishinsky Lane. Prior to this, the football team of the Russian Geographical Society Sokol leased football fields from various football clubs in Moscow. The place for the stadium was advised to the leadership of the Russian Geographical Society (N.T. Mikheev, V.N. Shustov, P.S. Lvov) Nikolai Petrovich Starostin in the autumn of 1916, because the Starostin family lived in their own house near the wasteland under the name "Goryuchka" which became the unofficial name of the football stadium of the Russian Geographical Society "Falcon".

In the spring championship of 1918 in the group stage of the Moscow championship of class “A” FC RGO “Sokol” took 4th place out of 10 teams. In the fall of 1919, the football team of the Russian Geographical Society "Falcon" became the winner in the Moscow Championship in Class "B", having won the Mousse Cup. In 1921, the football team of the Russian Geographical Society Sokol was a finalist of the KFS-Kolomyagi Cup (Moscow Absolute Championship Cup). In the final, they lost 1:10 to the SKZ club (Zamoskvorechye Sports Club), having won the tournament of the first territorial group. In 1922, the result was repeated, the defeat in the final 2: 4 from OLLS ("Society of lovers of skiing").

After the October Revolution of 1917, the Union of the Russian Falconry collapsed. In 1918, an initiative group arose to revive the falcon movement and convene a falcon congress. However, the program and activities of the "falcons" did not suit the power of Soviet Russia, since they dissociated themselves from the tasks of the All-Military Education Commission (universal compulsory military education) introduced by the decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and adhered to the principles of Slavophilism. In 1923, at the direction of the Bolshevik leaders Karl Berngardovich Radek and Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, the Russian falconry was banned, and many of its leaders remaining in football in Russia were arrested. The Russian falcon movement continued to exist among white emigrants, in particular, in Yugoslavia and France. Sokol events in the USSR in 1924 turned into Spartakiads.

Spartak football komanda

In the spring of 1922, the football team of the RGO Sokol was renamed the ISS (Moscow Sports Club). Thus, having managed to be renamed to the ISS, the football team of the SGO Falcon was able to avoid disbandment, which was not avoided in 1923 by most of the football clubs in Moscow, which had a “bourgeois” pre-revolutionary past.

On April 18, 1922, the former RGO Sokol football club, shortly before renamed the ISS, held a new friendly game with the ZKS football club (Zamoskvoretsky Sports Club) under a new name, and the match ended with the score 3: 2 in favor of the ISS. The first official game after the renaming took place on April 30, and ended with the ISS victory over CSR (Orekhovo Sports Club) with a score of 3: 1. A group of team footballers - such as the Starostin brothers (Alexander, Andrey, Nikolai, Peter), S.V. Leuta, K.P. Kvashnin, N.T. Mikheev - insisted on retaining the name "Falcon", and the group football players from the KFS (Sokolniki Football Club), led by I. T. Artemyev, insisted on renaming the FC Krasnaya Presnya. First, the victory in the dispute was won by the players from the Sokol Russian Geographical Society, since there were more than sixty people, and there were only five KFS players, but they were all strong and fit exactly the first team. As a result, the footballers of the Russian Geographical Society "Falcon" agreed to a compromise so as not to lose the strong players who came from the CFS. And the football team was given the compromise name “Moscow Sports Circle of Krasnopresnensky District”.

Having built their own stadium in the spring of 1922, the team began to earn a living by selling tickets to the games and holding paid away matches in Russia. In the summer of 1922, a football club from the Krasnopresnensky district was popularly called “Krasnaya Presnya”. In 1923, the team officially returned to the name "Red Presnya".

In 1924 and 1929, the team wins the Tosman Cup (Champions Cup of the two capitals) defeating Spartak (LCC) (Leningrad) (3: 1) and Pishchevkus (Leningrad) (3: 1) in the finals, and in 1923 lost with a score of 1: 3 to the club "Kolomyagi (Petrograd)."

Due to the reorganization of USSR football in 1926, Nikolai Starostin has to attract the union of food producers to the club’s sponsorship, and the club moves to the Tomsk stadium with a capacity of 13 thousand seats. Subsequently, the team has repeatedly changed its sponsors.

In the early 1930s, Nikolai Starostin was the captain of the Soviet Union team. As a high-class athlete, Starostin quickly made friends with the first secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee, Alexander Kosarev, who by that time had a sufficient influence on the sports industry and at the same time actively wanted to develop it.

In November 1934, scooping funds from the accounts department of the Promcooperation team, Kosarev hired Nikolai Starostin and his brothers in order to strengthen his team.

On April 12, 1935, the Promcooperation team played the first game after it was renamed Spartak. The match itself was victorious for Spartak, with a score of 7: 1 it was beaten by Trekhgorka. The game was attended by 5 thousand spectators, the match was played at the stadium "Trekhgornaya manufactory".

In 1935, Kosarev decided to create a sports and athletic society. After the All-Union Council of Physical Culture at the Central Executive Committee of the USSR supported the idea of ​​creating a society, it was decided to make it on the basis of sports circles of Promcooperation. Welcome Director of Promcooperation I. E. Pavlov.

In order to create a society, a name was required. For this, their friends Pyotr Isakov, Ivan Filippov, Stanislav Leuta, Pyotr Popov and others came to the apartment of the Starostin brothers. Several options were considered: “Attack”, “Pennant”, “Star”, “Promcoop”, “Falcon”, “Arrow”, “Phoenix”, “Storm”.

Spartak football logo 1935

“... They say, when the name was discussed, the leaders for a long time could not come to a consensus. And then Starostin’s eyes accidentally fell on the book of Spartak, an Italian by Raffaello Giovanyoli, which was very popular at the dawn of Soviet power, lying on the table. The proposal to name the club in honor of the leader of the uprising suited everyone, for, on the one hand, it gave off with ancient heroism, and on the other, it was completely ideologically sustained. Soon Starostin himself sketched a logo - a red-white rhombus with a crossed-out letter C. True, the white strip inside the red rhombus then went on a different diagonal than now. The emblem found its more familiar appearance in 1949. ”

This time the new name is already permanent. Like the ancient Roman namesake, who became a symbol of the struggle for freedom, the gladiator Spartak, who rebelled in the Roman Empire, the club is supported only by the masses, unlike Dynamo (Moscow), supported by the NKVD, or CSKA (Moscow), supported by the Soviet Army. All four Starostin’s brothers play in a team, while Nikolai Petrovich is still successfully involved in the affairs of the team.

Spartak Society

Background: 1925 - the emergence of sports clubs artels Industrial Cooperation.

1928 - the Kustari football team holds its first friendly match. After this game, the whole sport in the Fisheries Cooperation began to develop faster. The Kustari football club itself, later changes its name to Promcooperation, plays in the championship of the Zamoskvoretsky district and in the championship of Moscow.

Spartak player

September 22, 1934 - the idea came up of creating a voluntary sports society on the basis of sports circles of field cooperation. The initiator of the creation of a voluntary sports society on the basis of physical education circles of field cooperation is A.V. Kosarev. He is also the author of the name Spartak. Together with N.P. Starostin (sports organizer) and I.E. Pavlov (director of the Fisheries Cooperation), he is creating Spartak.

January 28, 1935 - approval of the Charter of the company. The charter was approved by the Presidium of the All-Union Council of Promotional Cooperation.

February 1, 1935 - the creation of the All-Union Volunteer Sports Society of Promotional Cooperation "Spartak".

April 12, 1935 - Spartak held the first game. The match itself was victorious for Spartak, with a score of 7: 1 it was beaten by Trekhgorka. The game was attended by 5,000 spectators, the match was played at the stadium "Three-mountain Manufactory".

April 19, 1935 - The All-Union Council of Physical Culture approved the Charter of the new Spartak society. The chairman of the All-Russian Union of Industrial Cooperation Kazimir Vasilyevich Vasilevsky was elected the second chairman of the company, Semyon Lvovich Privis, member of the presidium of the All-Union Council of Physical Culture, was elected the second chairman of the society. Executive Secretary - N. N. Matrosov. Nikolai Petrovich Starostin took up the post of executive secretary of the Moscow city council of Spartak, and the secretariat was headed by S. V. Rudnev.

April 24, 1935 - the first game after the approval of the charter of the Spartak society by the All-Union Council of Physical Culture. The match Dynamo plant against Spartak, ended 3-6, the guests won. The game was held at the Dynamo Plant stadium; the game had 3,000 thousand spectators.

In 1937, Spartak Society was awarded the Order of Lenin for services to the development of physical education and sports in the USSR.

Since the Fisheries Cooperation did not belong to departments like Dynamo (NKVD), CSKA (Soviet Army), and also did not belong to trade unions like Zenit (Trade Union of the Defense Industry), Lokomotiv (Trade Union of Railway Workers), Torpedo "(The union of car manufacturers). “Spartak” began to support ordinary people, so “Spartak” began to be called the “national team”.

In 1960, after the liquidation of the Industrial Cooperation, Spartak was reorganized into the Voluntary Sports Society of Trade Unions. After that, Spartak was supported by labor unions.

By 1975, the Spartak Society had over 40 sports

In 1987, the Spartak society was abolished, and the property of the company - 238 stadiums, 89 pools, about 1.8 thousand sports halls, more than 1.3 thousand football fields, 2.6 thousand health-improving camps, hunter and fisherman’s houses, 264 youth sports schools, 73 specialized sports schools, were transferred directly to the unions.

In 1991, a public organization was established - the "International Sports and Athletic Society" Spartak "named after N. P. Starostin" (IFSO "Spartak").


In 1936, the USSR football championship was formed, and Spartak began to play in it. The first, spring, championship was won by Moscow Dynamo, and Spartak came in third, in the fall Spartak won, pushing Dynamo to second place. It was in those years that the irreconcilable rivalry of these teams began, which then only intensified after the Starostin brothers were repressed on the personal instructions of the Dynamo patron Lavrenty Beria. European clubs, including Valencia, then in the second half of 1936 Mikhail Kozlov worked as the head coach, and he won the first union championship. In 1937, he was replaced by Konstantin Kvashnin, with whom Spartak won the gold of 1938.

The 1939 team that won the USSR Cup

After a successful season of 1938, when Spartak won the Championship and the USSR Cup, the coach changed in the team. In place of Kvashnin came Peter Popov. The change of coach did not hurt the team, the team continued to show a confident game, successfully starting in the championship. As a result, without any problems, Spartak won the all-Union championship. The red and white goblet proved to be dramatic and complex. After the semifinal match in which Spartak outplayed Dynamo Tbilisi (1-0), Tbilisi protested, disputing the correctness of the ball scored by Spartak. As a result, as many believe, not without the participation of the people's commissar of internal affairs, Lavrentiy Beria, a decision was made to replay the semifinal meeting. At the same time, “Spartak” already won the Leningrad “Stalinets” (3: 1) in the final, having won the USSR Cup, as a result, they had to replay the semifinals in red and white. In the replay, Spartak, having scored two goals, retreated to his half of the field, the Tbilisi fiercely attacked, but they only managed to narrow the gap in the score - as a result, Spartak won 2-1 and won the country's Cup for the second time in a row.

In 1940, Spartak took third place in the USSR Championship, and lost in the quarter-finals in the Moscow Cup.

The course of the USSR championship in 1941 was interrupted by the Great Patriotic War. On June 22, a Spartak match was scheduled in Leningrad with local teammates, but it did not take place. Soon, many players were drafted into the army. The whole war was served by Vladislav Zhmelkov, team leader Ivan Filippov and head coach Pyotr Popov volunteered for the front, Anatoly Velichkin died in battle, Stepan Kustylkin died of wounds received during the Soviet-Finnish war. After the cancellation of the USSR championship, it was decided to hold the autumn championship of Moscow and the cup, but this championship was never completed due to the approach of German troops to the capital.

In March 1942, the Starostin brothers were arrested. In their absence, the team played in the Moscow championship, taking third place in the spring tournament and winning the autumn. In 1942, all-Union championships were not held, Spartak continued to show a good game, winning the Moscow championship. In 1943, 1944, the team took third place in the championship of Moscow, where she continued to perform. In 1943, red and white reached the 1/8 finals of the Moscow Cup, and the following year to the 1/2 finals of the USSR Cup.

After the war, it was decided to resume the USSR championship. In 1945, the team performed unsuccessfully. According to the selection of players, Spartak was inferior to rivals. In addition, in 1945, the team often changed coaches. At the beginning of the year, the team was led by Vladimir Gorokhov, in the middle of the season Pavel Isakov, who was later replaced by Albert Volrat. As a result, the team was in danger of relegation from the elite of Soviet football. However, in recent matches, Spartak managed to avoid relegation, taking the final 10th place. In the USSR Cup, the team also performed unsuccessfully, having flown out at an early stage. Read football betting tips.

In 1946, the arrival on the coaching bridge of an Estonian specialist Albert Volrat helped Spartak become a strong middle peasant of the championship. However, red-and-white failed to regain the pre-war position in Soviet football. The team started the championship unsuccessfully, losing to the Moscow army team 2: 5, the defenders acted extremely unsuccessfully. However, the game soon began to improve, and the team completed the first round in 5th place. Before the start of the second round, Volrat set the task for the team to take 4th place: “We expect to take fourth place. "Tbilisi Dynamo, Torpedo and Dynamo Leningrad - these are our main competitors."

However, in face-to-face meetings with the main competitors, Spartak lost, taking the 6th place at the end of the championship, the CSKA players became the USSR champions. In the 1946 USSR Cup, Spartak began their way by defeating the Air Force 6: 2 team, then there were confident victories over “ Spartak ”from Uzhgorod (5: 0), over Dynamo Kyiv (3: 1), which allowed Spartak to reach the final. In the final, “Spartak” met with Dynamo Tbilisi, in the 9th minute a cool combination of Spartak players with Dementiev, Glazkov and Konov ended in scoring the Georgian team. However, soon the Dynamo were in the lead, but before the break the red-white managed to recoup - 2: 2. In the second half there were no goals scored, only in extra time Timakov's exact blow brought the Spartak team the third USSR Cup in history.

In 1947, the team replenished with new players. Alexander Rystsov, who had been demobilized from the army, returned to Spartak. In the second half of the season Nikolay Nilov and Alexey Paramonov appeared on the team. Fresh forces did not help the team, and as a result, 8th place in the championship. However, in the USSR Cup, Volrat's team performed successfully, winning the honorary trophy for the fourth time. In the final, in a tense struggle, the Spartacists defeated the Moscow “Torpedo” (2-0).

The following season, the team was taken by Konstantin Kvashnin, who won the All-Union Championship in 1938 with Spartak. With the advent of a new coach, young players got a place in the line-up, and Alexey Paramonov became a solid base player. With the arrival of a new coach, the team began to play confidently, the Muscovites held a seven-match winning streak. After 20 rounds, “Spartak” came out on top, but the team ended poorly in the season, taking third place in the end, and CSKA football players again became champions of the country. The season of 1948 was successful for the Spartacists, in the USSR Cup red and white reached the finals, where they met with the USSR champion TsDKA. However, the team failed to win the Cup for the third time in a row, despite the equal game, the final score was 0: 3 in favor of the army team.

At the beginning of 1949, the coaching staff changed in the team - instead of Konstantin Kvashnin and Pyotr Isakov, Abram Dangulov and Vladimir Gorokhov came. The new coaching staff pursued a policy of rejuvenation, the main defender was 20-year-old Yuri Sedov, debut in the team Igor Netto, Anatoly Ilyin, Nikolai Parshin, Evgeny Kuleshov. In the same year, the young forward Nikita Simonyan joined the team. In the championship, the team again finished in 3rd place, becoming the owner of bronze medals. In the USSR Cup, Spartak lost to the Dynamo Moscow in the semifinals. Third place in the 1949 championship should be recognized as a logical outcome. To achieve more prevented weak goalkeeper and defensive line. Only the attackers of Spartak showed a great game, scoring 93 goals in the championship and setting a club record, and Nikita Simonyan became the top scorer of the championship.

1950-1963 years football Spartak

At the beginning of the next season, changes took place in the team, Salnikov left for Dynamo Moscow, goalkeeper Leontiev finished his career. Chekanov, Orlov were invited to the place of the attacker, Davtyan to the place of the goalkeeper. In the championship, the Spartacists were unsuccessful, taking 5th place. Like a year ago, Nikita Simonyan, who scored 34 goals, became the top scorer of the USSR championship. But in the draw of the USSR Cup “Spartak” showed an excellent game, having won the Cup of the country. Red and white defeated rivals with a total score of 17: 1, among the defeated teams were the champion of the country CDKA and the silver medalist of Moscow Dynamo.

In 1951, Spartak took 6th place. The team started by tradition, unsuccessfully, after the starting failed matches, the head coach Dangulov was dismissed, and former team forward Georgy Glazkov was invited in his place. In the USSR Cup, the team also performed poorly, losing in the 1/4 finals of the Air Force (2: 3).

In early 1952, Glazkov was replaced by Vasily Sokolov, a former defender of the red-white. There were practically no changes in the composition. The national championship was straining only in July, as the USSR team was preparing for the Olympics in Helsinki. However, losing to the Yugoslavs in the second match, the Soviet football players ingloriously returned home. The backbone of the national team was made up of the CSKA players, and the head coach was the army mentor Boris Arkadyev. For the failure at the Olympics and the loss to principal rivals from Yugoslavia, many football players were deprived of the title "Honored Master of Sports", and the CDKA team was disbanded.

Having lost their main competitor, many teams hoped to win the 1952 championship. Starting in August, Spartak confidently took the lead. As a result, the Spartacists, after 9 rounds, having won 7 victories and having played twice in a draw, took the championship. In the Cup of the country, the Spartacists reached the final, simultaneously defeating the Dynamo Moscow in a principled derby. In the final, the red and white met with the Moscow Torpedo. Throughout the match, the teams could not open each other’s gates, but the mistake of Spartak defender Belov allowed the torpedo team to score the winning goal in the last minutes. As a result, in 1952, Spartak became the champion 13 years later, and the Torpedo won the Moscow Cup.

At the beginning of 1953, Viktor Vasiliev joined the team in place of Viktor Belov, and goalkeeper Mikhail Piraev came from the Air Force team disbanded after Stalin’s death, which was supervised by the son of the leader. After the change of power in the country, the disbandment of army teams continued, followed by the Central Air Defense Forces and the Air Force. This allowed the Spartak team to invite a number of players from these teams, including Vsevolod Bobrov and Anatoly Isaev. In the championship, the fight for first place unfolded between Spartak and Dynamo Tbilisi. Before the start of the second round, the Muscovites were 2 points behind the Georgian team. However, in a full-time meeting, the red and white did not leave a chance to white and blue, defeating them with a score of 4: 1. As a result, Spartak became the champion for the second time in a row. In the USSR Cup, the Spartacists were unsuccessful, losing in the 1/8 finals to the Moscow railway workers.

In 1954, the CDSA was recreated, where the Spartak players Razinsky and Bashashkin returned, to whose place Tuchkus and Selitsky were invited. In the new season, Spartak seemed to be heading for the third championship in a row, but in the middle of the season the team unexpectedly lost two important matches to Labor Reserves (1: 2), and then to Moscow Dynamo (0: 1). As a result, the team, having a strong squad and a long bench, took second place, which after two champion seasons was considered a failure. In many ways, the failure is connected with the injuries of leaders: Simonyan, Net, Tishchenko, Dementieva, whom the coaching staff could not find a worthy replacement. In the USSR Cup, the team also performed unsuccessfully, losing in the semifinals.

Failure in the 1954 season led to the resignation of the head coach, instead of Sokolov, Nikolai Gulyaev joined the team. In addition, 15 years later, Nikolai Starostin returned to Spartak, taking the position of team leader. Before the start of the season, the squad was strengthened, the goalkeeper Mikulets, attackers Korshunov and Kegeyan came to the team. Also, veteran Salnikov returned to the team from the Dynamo Moscow, but the leadership of the blue and white clouded Sergei’s return to the red and white team, the footballer was deprived of the title “Honored Master of Sports”. The start of the season was unsuccessful for Muscovites, after five matches only one victory was obtained, in addition to this, lead forward Simonyan was injured. However, the team’s game soon began to improve. In a magnificent match, the principal rival and competitor in the fight for gold Dynamo Moscow (4: 1) was beaten. By the middle of the season, Spartak was only one point behind the leader of the Moscow Dynamo. However, the defeat at the finish line of the Moscow Torpedo put an end to the champion ambitions of red and white. As a result, the team took the second place in the championship for the second time in a row. In the Cup of the country in the semi-finals, the red and white lost to Dynamo (1: 4), which could take revenge for the defeat in the national championship.

The main composition of Spartak football in the 1956 season

The following season, the coaching staff emphasized a successful start in the championship. In the new season, Ivan Moser was invited to the team. Gulyaev's team started convincingly, having gained 4 victories in the first 4 matches. Before an in-person meeting with the main competitors, the Moscow Dynamo, the red and white were in the lead, and a 1: 1 draw allowed them to stay on the first line in the standings. “Spartak” throughout the season showed an attacking, well-coordinated Football Russia and quite naturally won the sixth championship in its history. The USSR Cup in 1956 was not played due to the preparation of the USSR national team for the Olympics in Melbourne. The USSR national team almost entirely consisted of Spartak players, as a result, Soviet football players, for the first time in their history, achieved major success by winning the Olympic Games. In the final, Anatoly Isaev held the “golden goal” against the Yugoslavs. Spartacists became Olympic champions: Tishchenko, Ogonkov, Net, Paramonov, Maslenkin, Salnikov, Tatushin, Ilyin, Isaev, Simonyan.

The season of 1957, “Spartak” started unsuccessfully, in five matches managed to score 5 points. Despite the victory over Dynamo Moscow’s main rival (1-0), the team continued to lose points. As a result, due to the difficult calendar and the preparation of the Spartacists for the qualifying games of the World Cup as part of the USSR national team, the red-white ones took only 3rd place. Also disappointment awaited the Spartacists in the USSR Cup, where in the final they lost to the Moscow Lokomotiv.

The following year, Spartak started the championship with confidence, in the starting eight rounds the red and white never lost. Then in the championship there was a break associated with the 1958 world championship in Sweden, the following were included in the USSR team: Net, Simonyan, Ilyin and Salnikov. However, the Soviet team, leaving the group, lost in the quarterfinal of the Swedish national team 0-2 and was forced to leave the world forum. After the resumption of the championship, the Spartacists continued to show a confident game and, having beaten Dynamo and CSKA, they deservedly won the first round. Spartak began the second round with six victories in a row, in these matches Mishin, Moser, Chistyakov shone as part of the team. However, at the end of the season, Spartak, having held a number of unsuccessful matches and losing an in-person meeting to the main competitor in the fight for gold, Dynamo Moscow, lost the first line in the standings. Once again, there was a backstage fight in the championship of the USSR. In August, Spartak took Dynamo Kiev, 12 seconds before the end of the match Nikita Simonyan held the winning goal. However, the people of Kiev filed a protest, which was satisfied and the match was to be replayed. By this time, the Moscow “Dynamo” ahead of the red and white by 1 point, that is, “Spartak” to win first place needed a victory. In the replay on November 8, Spartak defeated Dynamo Kyiv (3: 2) in a bitter struggle and won the USSR champion title. In the national Cup, the Spartacists also showed a confident game, beating the Torpedo in the final (2: 1). Thus, “Spartak” for the third time in its history made the “golden double”, winning the Allied Championship and the Cup of the country.

The season of 1959 was a failure for the team, “Spartak” took only 6th place in the USSR championship. Painfully for the team there was a “generational change." Simonyan and Salnikov finished their performances, only Anatoly Krutikov appeared from experienced players. Young players were not experienced and qualified to solve tournament problems.

After the failure in the 1959 season, Nikolai Gulyaev was dismissed, and Nikita Simonyan, who recently ended his career as a football player, took his place by decision of Nikolai Starostin. In addition to the departure of veterans, Spartak lost another 8 players, including Paramonov and Hambartsumyan. Simonyan began to form a new composition of the team, experienced Krutikov and young players Sevidov, Konovalov, Reinhold were invited to Spartak. As a result, the 1960 season, the red-white team finished in the final 7th place. In addition, the Spartak players Net, Maslenkin and Krutikov as part of the USSR team won the first European Cup in Paris.

In 1961, a whole group of players left the team, in place of which Simonyan invited 13 new players, among whom were Khusainov and Logofet. Despite the adaptation of the newcomers, Spartak showed a decent game. As a result, the red and white fought for medals, but managed to take only 3rd place, which after two failed seasons was a good result.

In 1962, goalkeeper Vladimir Maslachenko joined the team. By the middle of the season, “Spartak” was in fifth place, behind the leaders of the army and Dynamo Kyiv by 4 points. At the end of the season, the team issued a nine-match winning streak. In these matches, the current champion of the country Dynamo Kyiv (2: 1), (2: 0) was twice defeated. This allowed red and white for the eighth time to become champions of the USSR. However, that “golden” season was the last for the team's veterans: Isaev, Ilyin, Ivakin.

Spartak started the 1963 season unsuccessfully, by the middle of the championship the team was in 14th place. Then, out of 24 rounds, the team lost only once, rising to 2nd place. However, Simonyan's wards failed to catch up with the Dynamo Moscow leader. In the USSR Cup draw “Spartak”, having beaten the Donetsk Shakhtar in the final (2: 1), for the seventh time became the owner of the national Cup.

1964-1977 years

In the next season, “Spartak” for a long time was in first place in the national championship. However, an unexpected defeat from the Moscow “Torpedo” (0: 5) negatively affected the position in the team. This was followed by a series of defeats, and in the end the team took only 8th place. Spartak also spent the 1965 season unsuccessfully, again taking 8th place. However, unlike the previous championship throughout the championship was in the middle of the tournament table. The consolation for the red and white was the USSR Cup, where in a bitter struggle in the final they managed to beat Minsk Dynamo (2: 1) and won the crystal silver trophy for the eighth time in their history.

In 1966, Nikolai Gulyaev, who replaced Nikita Simonyan, returned to the Spartak coach. Also, the team was strengthened by forward Osyanin from the Kuibyshev “Wings of the Soviets”. The team started successfully: in seven matches there were six victories. However, defeat from Dynamo Kyiv (0: 1), Chornomorets (0: 4), and Torpedo (0: 2) followed. This caused a loss of confidence in the team. At the end of the season, red and white still retained a chance of medals, however, after losing to Neftchi (0: 3), Spartak took only 4th place. Also in 1966, Spartak made its debut in European competition. In the Cup Winners' Cup, in the first round, the Spartacists defeated the Yugoslav OFC (3: 1) and (3: 0), however in the next round they lost to the Austrian Rapid (1: 1) and (0: 1).

In the 1967 season, the team started unsuccessfully; in May, red and white were in last place in the standings. But then the team’s game changed, 16 matches followed without defeats, it seemed that Spartak was about to enter the championship race. However, a series of unsuccessful meetings soon followed, and as a result, Muscovites were in 7th place. During the season, the team was led by Gulyaev, then Salnikov, at the end of the season Simonyan was again appointed to the post of head coach. At the end of the season, a number of football players were expelled from the team, including Semin and Reinhold, with the phrase "for the recovery of the team."

At the beginning of the 1968 season, Spartak was replenished with: Kiselev, Papaev, Silagadze. On April 16, red-white, after an unsuccessful start, defeated a principal rival - Dynamo Moscow (2: 1). The victory in the derby favorably affected the state of the team, which gave out 5 victories in a row. However, soon followed by an unexpected defeat from the “Torpedo” (1: 5). However, the red and white won the first round and seriously claimed gold medals. But in the second round, the Spartacists lost to the Dynamo Moscow, then defeats from the Kutaisi “Torpedo” and the Rostov SKA followed. This allowed Kiev Dynamo to get around the Spartacists. As a result, Muscovites for the fifth time won silver medals in the USSR Championship.

Before the start of the 1969 season, “Spartak” left the main goalkeeper Maslachenko and experienced defender Krutikov, who completed the performance. However, soon the leadership of the team invited one of the country's best goalkeepers Anzor Kavazashvili. Also a young player Evgeny Lovchev was invited to the team. Despite the minimal changes in the composition, the selection at the beginning of 1969 should be considered very successful, since both invited players soon showed their indispensability for Spartak. At the beginning of the championship, the main rivals of Spartak were the Moscow Torpedo and Dynamo Tbilisi. Having passed the first stage of the championship, the Spartacists reached the final round, where they were faced with a fight against the permanent leader of Soviet football in those years, Kiev Dynamo. Beating the main competitor away, the Spartacists achieved the necessary result for the championship in matches with CSKA. For the ninth time, Spartak became the best team in the Soviet Union.

After a triumph in 1969, Spartak could not boast of a stable game in the 1970 Union Championship. It seemed that the team could only count on a place in the middle of the standings. But then in the second round a series of successful matches followed, and the red and white led the championship race. However, the disastrous ending of the championship allowed the Spartacists to win only bronze medals. In the USSR Cup, red and white lost in the quarter finals of Neftchi (0: 1). In addition, in the 1970 season, Muscovites made their debut in the European Cup. In the 1/16 finals, Spartak met with the Swiss Basel. In the first game in Moscow, Spartak won 3-2, although they were 3-0 after the first half. In the second leg, the Swiss achieved the desired result 2: 1, leaving Spartak behind the tournament.

In the 1971 season, the Dynamo Kiev won the national championship quite easily, the Moscow teams were unsuccessful. Dynamo took a place in the middle of the standings, last year's CSKA champion only by the difference in goals avoided relegation to the first league, and Spartak took 6th place. The team throughout the season could not boast of a good game. The team’s newcomers unsuccessfully performed: Mirzoev, Egorovich, Piskaryov. However, in the USSR Cup Spartak performed well, easily reaching the finals, where the Spartak team had a match with the Rostov SKA. The final match turned out to be difficult for Spartak. Losing 1: 2, the Spartacists were able to recoup only in the last minute (Gennady Logofet). The match ended with the score 2: 2, which meant a replay. In the second match, Spartak won (1-0), becoming the owner of the 1971 USSR Cup. The red and white also took part in the UEFA Cup, in the 1/32 finals, the Spartacists outplayed the Czechoslovak Air Force club in the sum of two matches. However, in the next round, Spartak, losing by the sum of two meetings of the Portuguese Vitoria (0: 0 and 0: 4), flew out of the draw.

At the beginning of the new season Spartak 11 players left, new players were invited to their place, among which there were a lot of young club pupils. Changes in the composition inspired hope for a successful season with Spartak fans. However, the team was unable to establish a stable game. Spartak suffered defeats not only on the road, but also at home. As a result, the worst (at that time) result in the history of the team is 11th place in the championship. Spartak bet on successful performance in the Cup of the country. In the final, in a bitter struggle, the Spartacists lost to the Moscow Torpedo. The main time of the match ended in a draw 1: 1, in a series of penalty shoot-outs, car makers 1: 5 were stronger. As a result, Spartak failed to smooth out the failure in the championship victory in the Cup. Still, the Spartacists managed to please their fans at the end of the season, entering the spring stage of the Cup Cup. Spartak, having passed the Dutch club ADO Den Haag and the Spanish Atletico Madrid, lost to the Italian Milan in the quarterfinals (0: 1 and 1: 1). The victory over the Spaniards and an equal game with Italian football players were worthy results for Muscovites.

In the 1973 season, instead of Nikita Simonyan, Nikolai Gulyaev again became the head coach. Under the new coach, young, promising players confidently played in the squad: Prokhorov, Bulgakov, Minaev. Along with this, a good game was demonstrated by the team's veterans: Lovchev, Papaev, Olshansky, Kiselev. As a result, compared to the previous season, the team performed successfully, taking 4th place and securing their participation in European competitions.

Spartak started the new season well, Dynamo Tbilisi, the current USSR champion Ararat and Dynamo Kyiv were beaten. However, in the champion race with the Kievans, the red and white were second. The Ukrainian team confidently won first place, while Spartak was content with silver medals, which after several unsuccessful seasons was at least an acceptable result. In the cup tournaments, the Spartacists failed, in the UEFA Cup they lost to the Yugoslav Velezh in the first round, and in the USSR Cup they lost in the quarter-finals of the Voroshilovgrad Zara.

In 1975, Spartak failed to show a decent game and eventually took 10th place in the championship. In the Cup of the country, the Spartacists also performed unsuccessfully, losing in the 1/8 finals to the Tashkent Pakhtakor. However, in the UEFA Cup, red and white were able to demonstrate high-quality football. Having defeated the Swedish AIK, the Spartacists defeated the German club Cologne (2: 0 and 1: 0). In the 1/8 finals, Muscovites met with the Italian Milan. Having lost away (0: 4), the Spartacists actually lost their chances of continuing the struggle in the tournament. Having won at home (2: 0), the red-white ones eventually flew out of the rally.

In connection with the transition of the championship to the autumn – spring scheme, two truncated championships (spring, autumn) were held in the 1976 season. In 1976, the club for the first time in its history left the highest echelon of Soviet football. At the beginning of the season, head coach Nikolai Gulyaev and team leader Nikolai Starostin were removed from their posts. The new head coach of the team was Anatoly Krutikov. In addition to personnel changes in the team leadership, the composition of the players has also undergone changes. Two goalkeepers left, the key defender Logofett finished his career, Osyanin was injured, left the Piskaryov team. The new leadership invited a number of new players, including Oleg Romantsev and Vagiz Khidiyatullin. In the spring championship “Spartak” took 14th place. In the autumn championship Muscovites could secure a quiet life and guarantee a place in the major league, but the team showed a disgusting game. In the match with Zenit in their field, red and white, leading 1-0, lost 1: 2. The Spartak team had a draw with the Chornomorets, but Osyanin’s ridiculous mistake allowed the Odessans to score a goal. After this failure, the fate of “Spartak” was in the hands of the Moscow torpedo team, who issued the championship. However, in Yerevan, the champion lost to Ararat 0: 1, while Spartak, losing in Kiev 1: 3, flew to the first league. In the USSR Cup, the team also performed unsuccessfully, losing at the early stage of the Simferopol Tavria.

The team began the new season in the first league. The leadership of the team set the task to return to the elite division. After the failure of 1976, Nikolai Starostin returned to the team, who, at the suggestion of his brother, Andrei Starostin, decided to invite Konstantin Beskov to the position of head coach. The new coach carried out a “cleaning” of the ranks. Nikolai Osyanin completed his career, Abramov, Pilipko, Redin, Papaev and others left the team. 6 new players came to the team, Mikhail Bulgakov returned, Alexander Prokhorov again became the main goalkeeper. Also successful acquisitions were Shavlo, Rodionov, Yartsev. Having rebuilt the team almost completely, Beskov began to solve the problem of reaching the big leagues. The first games of the season turned out to be difficult, the rivals with the maximum spirit played against the 9-time champion of the country. Then defeats from “Nistru” and “Kuzbass” followed, the task of reaching the top division was complicated, after the first round “Spartak” took only 5th place. However, in the second round, victories over the main competitors Pakhtakor (3: 1) and Nistru (5: 3) allowed Muscovites to come first. Two rounds before the championship in the first league, Spartak secured the first place, and therefore, solved the problem of entering the major league.

1978-1991 Spartak football years

The season of 1978 in the Premier League Spartak began unsuccessfully, after the first six rounds the team was in last place. For a long time the situation could not be corrected, the team veteran Evgeny Lovchev asked the leadership to move to Dynamo Moscow, explaining that he no longer wants to play in the first league. They also lost their nerves at the main goalkeeper Alexander Prokhorov: after a number of unsuccessful matches, he asked for a while not to put him in the goal. Beskov had to attract the young goalkeeper Rinat Dasaev, who confidently made his debut in the red and white. Also in 1978, another future master Fedor Cherenkov made his debut in the team. The team began to pick up speed. Victories followed, Pakhtakor (3: 1), Kairat (4: 1) were beaten - in these matches all 7 goals of Spartak players were scored by Georgy Yartsev. In the second round, the Spartak team showed excellent [source not specified 684 days] football, the future champions of the country Dynamo Tbilisi (2: 1) were beaten, as a result, the team took 5th place.

In early 1979, Spartak left several leading players, the key midfielder Gladilin, goalkeeper Prokhorov, forward Pavlenko left. In the middle of the season Bulgakov left the team. It seemed that, having lost several key players, Spartak could not count on much in the upcoming season. At the beginning of the season, despite the victory over Dynamo Kyiv, a principal rival, the Spartacists firmly settled in the middle of the tournament table. But then the team began to gain points, primarily thanks to the “hammered” players: Rodionov, Gavrilov, Yartsev, Shavlo and the young Cherenkov. Spartak completed the first round in 5th place. Spartak began the second round, beating the Moscow “Dynamo” (2: 1), after which the team gained a good move. The victory over Lokomotiv with a score of 8: 1 showed the coherence of the Spartak team. In this match, a hat-trick was played by the best striker of the Yartsev team, the most beautiful goal was scored by Edgar Hess who came to the team in the summer, and Gavrilov and Cherenkov scored goals. September 28, Spartak met with the leader of the championship and the main rival Kiev Dynamo. Already in the 10th minute, Gavrilov opened the scoring, Kiev tried to recoup, but acted perfectly at the goal of Rinat Dasaev. At the end of the match, the Spartak team managed to implement a counterattack, at the 81st minute the ball was sent to the Ukrainian team net by Yartsev. “Spartak” led the standings, but then 2 draws followed, which did not bring Spartak points (the national championship regulations set a limit for draws - the team was allowed to play 8 matches in a draw, the remaining draw results did not bring points). In the last round, in order to formalize the championship, the Spartacists had to win in Rostov-on-Don. At the beginning of the match, the Spartacists scored 2 goals, but then Dasayev was injured, the young goalkeeper Prudnikov who entered the field did not enter the game, missing a goal - 2: 1. In the second half, the teams exchanged goals, as a result of the victory of Spartak 3: 2. Red-white deservedly became champions of the country after only 2 seasons after returning from the first league.

Spartak football logo 1949

At the beginning of the 1980 season, the Spartak team managed to keep the champion roster. However, the start of the championship was frankly unsuccessful for the red and white: a draw with Chornomorets (0: 0) and a loss to SKA (1: 2). But then the Beskov team held a 13-match unbeaten run, in these matches car manufacturers and Dynamo Kyiv were beaten in a bitter struggle. “Spartak” was in second place, behind the leader of Kiev “Dynamo” by 1 point. The match in Leningrad against the “Zenith” Spartacists tied (1: 1), after that, to head the standings, it was necessary to win in Kiev in red and white. But in the match against Dynamo Spartak were weaker than Kiev and lost 0: 2. Spartacists took 2nd place. In the USSR Cup, Spartak lost in the semifinals to Donetsk Shakhtar. After a long break, Muscovites returned to the European Cup. At the first stage, the red-white ones quite easily defeat the Jeunesse champion of Luxembourg, and in the 1/8 finals they get the Esbjerg champion of Denmark. In the first match of the house, the Spartacists confidently defeated 3-0, visiting Red and White had difficulties, however, they managed to defend an acceptable score - 0: 2. After that, Spartak reached the quarter finals, where the formidable Real Madrid became its rival.

In March 1981, matches were held with Real Madrid. Spartak managed to achieve a draw in their field, but in Spain the Spanish team turned out to be stronger - 0: 2. Also, before the start of the USSR championship, changes took place in the team. Konstantin Beskov invited Sergey Shvetsov, Sergey Krestenenko, Vladimir Sochnov, Vladimir Safronenko. Vagiz Khidiyatullin left for CSKA, Georgy Yartsev went to Lokomotiv, and a number of other players left the camp of the “red-white” ones. In the spring of 1981, Spartak reached the final of the USSR Cup, in which he faced a confrontation with Rostov SKA. Spartak attacked throughout the match, many moments were not realized at the gates of the Rostovites, Mirzoyan did not score a penalty. And in one of the rare counterattacks, the army team managed to score a goal, which turned out to be victorious. Spartak, having an overwhelming advantage over the opponent, failed to win the Cup of the country. In the start of the national championship, the Spartacists could not compete with Dynamo Kyiv. Like last year, red and white won silver medals in the national championship. Also in the fall, Muscovites began their appearances in the UEFA Cup, the first rival was passed easily - the Belgian Brugge was defeated at home and away. In the 1/16 finals, against the German Kaiserslautern in Moscow, the Spartacists won 2-1, but in Germany they were defeated with a score of 0-4 and completed their European campaign that season.

Monument to those killed on October 20, 1982 in Luzhniki

In the 1982 season, the team was supplemented by Evgeny Kuznetsov, Vladimir Bukievsky, who returned, as well as a number of other players who could not gain a foothold in the squad. Several players left the team: Viktor Samokhin went to CSKA, Yevgeny Sidorov to Rostov SKA, Safronenko and Krestenenko to Lokomotiv. The red-white season started uncertainly, the draw with Zenit and the defeat from Dynamo Minsk negatively affected the team’s standings. Then followed the victory over the Moscow Dynamo, CSKA and Kuban. However, then again in the game of Spartacists followed by a recession. Soon, the Spartacists managed to establish the game and gain a number of bright victories, among which was the defeat of Neftchi (5-0). However, unsuccessful games with Pakhtakor, Chornomorets and Ararat did not allow the red-and-white to join the championship race. As a result, the team took third place, winning bronze medals. Also in 1982, Spartak took part in the drawing of the next UEFA Cup, already in the 1/32 finals the London Arsenal went red and white. In the first match in Moscow, Spartak won a strong-willed victory 3-2, losing 0-2 during the match. In the second leg in London, Spartak showed excellent [source not specified 684 days] football, defeating the opponent 5: 2. In the next round, the Spartacists went to the Dutch Haarlem club. October 20, 1982 in Luzhniki hosted the first match, which ended in tragedy. That day turned out to be extremely frosty (-10 ° C). The score was 1-0 in favor of Spartak, when some of the fans, who were quite cold by that time, at the end of the match began to leave the stadium, in a hurry to be the first to get on the subway. After the fall of one of the fans on Staircase No. 1 of the C tribune in the Lubnikov podium, the stampede began. At this time, on the field, just a few seconds before the end of the meeting, Shvetsov held another goal against the Dutch club. As a result of that stampede, 66 fans died. Another 61 people were injured. In the return game, Spartak, having won (3: 1), went to the next round where the Spanish “Valencia” became the rival of the red-and-white. According to the results of two meetings, the Spanish players turned out to be stronger (0: 0 and 0: 2).

In 1983, Spartak in the national championship started poorly. After the first round, the red and white occupied only 9th place. The lack of results in the first round was largely explained by the injuries of the leaders: Romantsev, Hess, Rodionov, Shvetsov. The Spartacists spent the second round simply brilliantly, without losing a single meeting over 14 rounds. However, Muscovites unexpectedly lost to Dynamo Minsk (0: 2) and were 2 points behind the leader of the Dnepropetrovsk Dnipro before the last round. Ironically, in the last round the Spartacists had to leave for Dnipropetrovsk, and in case of victory they would get a chance for a golden match. In a double-edged game, the teams managed to hit each other's gates 6 times. The final score 4: 2 in favor of the Ukrainian team allowed Spartak to win only silver medals. In the UEFA Cup, after a landslide victory over the Finnish club HIK, the Spartak team faced matches with the English Aston Villa. In Moscow, the teams played 2: 2, which made the chances of reaching the next round more preferable for the English team. In the second leg in Birmingham, the Spartacists, having shown decent football, managed to beat the opponent 2: 1. In the 1/8 finals, the Spartacists knocked out the Dutch Sparta from the draw. However, in the quarterfinal, the European campaign 1983/1984 for the Spartacists ended, the team lost to the Belgian Anderlecht.

The 1984 season the team began successfully, not losing even once in the first nine rounds. However, then defeat from the “Chernomorets” (0: 1) and SKA (1: 6) followed. But then the team confidently continued the campaign for the championship gold medals, Minsk and Kiev Dynamo and Zenit were beaten. However, the unsuccessful series in the end of the championship again did not allow the Spartacists to win first place in the championship of the USSR. In the UEFA Cup Spartak, quite easily passing the Danish Odense and Lokomotiv from the German Democratic Republic, lost in the sum of two games to the West German Cologne.

In early 1985, the composition of the team underwent some changes. Muscovites started the country’s championship with victories over SKA, Fakel and the reigning champion Zenit. However, then a whole series of draw games followed, in which the Spartak scored only 3 goals against the opponents. But soon the Spartak players Gavrilov and Kuznetsov, whom Beskov criticized, began to score pretty much, besides them the newcomer to the Rudakov team got into good shape, having moved to the red and white from Shinnik. It was these players who looked great in matches with Chernomorets and Torpedo. In a meeting with the main competitors in the fight for gold, Dynamo Kyiv, Spartak lost - 0: 2. Red and white lagged behind the Kievans, but confidently walked in second place, gaining confident victories over Metalist, Moscow Dynamo and Dnipro. It seemed that this season Spartak will finally win the gold medals of the national championship. However, a super-limit draw with Kairat (4: 4), a home defeat from Kiev Dynamo (1: 2) and a loss to Moscow Dynamo put an end to the champion's ambitions of red and white. For the third time in a row, Muscovites won silver medals. In the UEFA Cup, Muscovites quite confidently beat the Finnish TPN, then the Belgian Brugge. In the 1/8 finals, the Spartacists were unable to defeat the French Nantes and completed the 1985 season.

The season 1986 turned out to be rather ambiguous for Spartak: after a third of the championship, the team was in last place in the standings, the composition of the team underwent changes (it was left by veterans Yuri Gavrilov and Sergey Shavlo, whose level of play Beskov stopped arranging). However, the team gradually gained a new skeleton, and experienced Sergey Rodionov acted as its leader, as a result, the red-white game improved significantly during the season and they managed to win the bronze medals of the championship, only two points behind the Dynamo champion in Kiev. In the UEFA Cup, Spartak reached the third round, where in a bitter struggle, lost to the Austrian club Swarovski Tirol.

The next season, 1987, which became the 50th championship of the USSR, ended with a triumph for Spartak: the team was able to win gold medals for the first time in eight years. “Spartak” set a unique achievement, remaining the leader of the championship from the first to the last round, despite the stubborn struggle with the main pursuer “Dnepr” until the last round, the in-person meeting of these teams ended with the score 1: 1 and was remembered by controversial judges decisions in favor of “ red and white ”[source not specified 615 days]. The fate of the championship was decided in the match of the 30th round against the outsider of the Guria championship. The victorious “golden” goal against the Georgian team was held by experienced Fedor Cherenkov with the filing of 18-year-old midfielder Alexander Mostovoy five minutes before the end of the match.

1988 was Beskov’s last year at Spartak, this season didn’t bring any success to the team: for the first time in ten years, the red and white were outside the top three, and inside the team there was a discord between Beskov and a group of veterans, on the side of which Nikolai Starostin sided and Andrei Starostin, who was friends with Beskov and quenched all the quarrels of that with his older brother, had already died by then (in October 1987). As a result, Beskov was fired in the offseason. Despite the unsuccessful season for Spartak, team captain Rinat Dasayev, who was the main goalkeeper of the USSR Euro 1988 team, was recognized as the best goalkeeper in the world according to IFFIIS.

In 1989, the head coach of Spartak was taken by former team captain Oleg Romantsev, 35, whose candidacy was supported by all players. In the offseason, long-term leaders Rinat Dasaev and Vagiz Khidiyatullin left the team to go abroad to play, and Alexander Bubnov left for France during the season. Romantsev led the company to return to the team of former “Spartak”, among which was goalkeeper Stanislav Cherchesov, who became the successor to Dasaev (and subsequently the best goalkeeper of the championship). Contrary to expectations, Spartak managed to become a champion in the 1989 season by snatching a 2-1 victory in the decisive match against Dynamo Kyiv, Valery Shmarov scored a goal into the Kiev goal. Throughout the season, the team leaders were experienced Fedor Cherenkov and Sergey Rodionov (who became the top scorer of the championship). In other tournaments, Spartak was unsuccessful; it flew out of the USSR Cup and the UEFA Cup in the early stages, losing to the German Cologne in a two-match standoff.

In 1990, in the Soviet championship Spartak performed unsuccessfully, having folded champion powers. The team until the last claimed to be winners, but at the final stage of the championship lost a lot of points and finished the season only in fifth place. In addition, this year the team was left by its long-term leaders Rodionov and Cherenkov. Gradually in “Spartak” Alexander Mostovoy, Igor Shalimov, and young Valery Karpin took on prominent roles. It was in this season that the red and white achieved the greatest success in European competition, reaching the semifinals of the European Cup. On the way to this stage, “Spartacus” managed to knock out the Italian champion “Napoli” (for which the legendary Diego Maradona was playing at that time), as well as the multiple holder of the “Real Madrid” trophy (having defeated him at the exit with a score of 3: 1) after a goalless draw in Moscow). In the semifinals, the wards of Romantsev were opposed by the French Olympic Marseille, who defeated Spartak in both matches (with a score of 3: 1 and 2: 1, respectively) and reached the final of the tournament.

The last Spartak championship in the history of the USSR began in a noticeably updated composition, despite this the team managed to win the silver medals of the championship, only two points behind the CSKA champion. However, the Spartak team managed to take revenge from CSKA by winning the last trophy in the history of Soviet football - the USSR-CIS Cup in 1992. The final match ended 2-0 in favor of Spartak, and 18-year-old Vladimir Beschastnykh scored a double against the army team.

Since 1992: Spartak football Golden Age (1992-2003)

After the collapse of the USSR, Spartak took a leading position in Russian football, and the team continued to be led by Oleg Romantsev (who was also the club’s president since 1993). Already in 1992, the “red-white” became the first champions of Russia, the last owners of the USSR Cup (in the final, 2–0 principal opponents were defeated - CSKA). From this season, Andrei Tikhonov, the future legend of the club, appeared on the team. The next season again became the champion for Spartak, and in addition, Oleg Romantsev's wards reached the semifinals of the Cup Winners' Cup, where they lost to the Belgian Antwerp. In the 1994 season, the “red and white” made a gold double, taking the gold of the Russian championship for the third time in a row and winning the Russian Cup for the first time in history (CSKA was again defeated in the penalty shootout). The following year, Spartak rolled back to 3rd place in the championship, letting Spartak-Alania and Moscow Lokomotiv go ahead.

Oleg Romantsev most successful coach in history of Spartak football

In 1996, the post of head coach was taken by George Yartsev (Oleg Romantsev remained president of the club, but after a year he again took the post of head coach). After that, “Spartak” issued the brightest segment in history: six times in a row (from 1996 to 2001) became the champion of Russia. The 1998 season turned out to be especially successful: the team managed to win the double, having won the Russian Cup as well (Lokomotiv was defeated by Tikhonov's goal in the final match), and also reached the UEFA Cup semi-finals. On the way to the finals, the “red and white” got the future winner of the tournament - the Italian “Inter”. In 1995, the future captain of the team Yegor Titov made his debut for Spartak. In this period, in addition to Tikhonov and Titov, the most important players for the team were Alexander Filimonov, Dmitry Alenichev, Ilya Tsymbalar, Dmitry Khlestov and many other bright football players.

However, with the beginning of the XXI century, the team began a crisis: in 2002, Andrei Chervichenko became the owner of a controlling stake in Spartak and its president. In the 2002/2003 season, Spartak carried out the worst European Cup campaign, losing at the group stage of the Champions League in all six matches with a score of 1:18. The 2003 season “red-white” finished in 10th place, the only bright spot in the season was the victory in the Russian Cup: in the final match, thanks to Titov's only goal, “Rostov” was beaten. This match was the last for Oleg Romantsev, who was fired due to a conflict with Chervichenko. After his retirement, the team began a leapfrog: for a short while, the post of head coach was occupied by Andrey Chernyshov, Vladimir Fedotov, Italian specialist Nevio Scala. In addition, the mass arrival of legionnaires and players from various teams began, at one time there were 60 of them.

Leonid Fedun and the captured “drought” (2004—2014)

In the spring of 2004, Chervichenko sold a controlling stake in Spartak to Lukoil vice president Leonid Fedun, with the advent of which the team’s results began to improve. After Euro 2004, the head coach of Spartak was taken by Alexander Starkov, the legendary midfielder Dmitry Alenichev was returned as captain of the team. He could not save the 2004 season (the team took 8th place in the championship), but the very next year Spartak took second place in the championship. In April 2006, a conflict occurred between the captain and the head coach: in his interview, Alenichev sharply criticized the work of Starkov. The club management sided with the coach and decided to dismiss the discontented football player, while the majority of fans supported Alenichev in this matter. The conflict ended with the fact that both Spartak left: Alenichev ended his football career, and Starkov was fired. Already under the leadership of the new coach Vladimir Fedotov, Spartak won silver medals for the second year in a row, losing only CSKA to the first place in terms of additional indicators (both teams scored 58 points each). In the Russian Cup, the “red and white” reached the finals, but there they remained only second, with a big score (0: 3) losing to CSKA. But after a good stretch, “Spartak” again came not the best of times. Not finalizing until the end of the 2007 season, after a series of unsuccessful matches Fedotov was fired. He was replaced by a former goalkeeper and team captain Stanislav Cherchesov. The team spent the second part of the season, fighting for the championship until the last, and only in the last round they lost to Zenit, becoming the silver medalist of the championship for the third time in a row.

Leonid Fedun

Troubles began in 2008. The first part of the championship “Spartak” was extremely unstable, and in the 13th round the “red-white” in their field were defeated by CSKA's most important rival with a score of 1: 5. After that, at the initiative of Cherchesov, the leading players of the team Yegor Titov and Maxim Kalinichenko were sent to the double (later both left the club). This decision provoked the outrage of the club's fans, who began to demand the resignation of head coach Cherchesov and CEO Sergey Shavlo. In August, Shavlo left his post, Valery Karpin became the new CEO of Spartak. In the meantime, in the Champions League qualification, Spartak met with another principal rival - Dynamo Kyiv. As a result of the confrontation, the Russian team left the tournament, losing in both matches with the same score 1: 4. After that, Stanislav Cherchesov also left the club. The next helmsman of Spartak was Dane Michael Laudrup, but he was unable to save the season - the team finished the season in 8th place. Laudrup didn’t manage to set up the game at the start of the next season either, and already in April 2009 he was fired, and Valery Karpin became the head coach of the team, retaining the post of general director. At a certain time, Karpin managed to establish the team’s game, and in the 2009 season Spartak managed to win the championship’s silver medals. The following year, Spartak somewhat slowed down and took only fourth place, but quite successfully performed in the Europa League, where it reached the quarterfinals, losing there to Port. In the Russian Cup, Karpin's wards reached the semifinals, where CSKA lost in the penalty shootout (the main and extra time ended with a score of 3: 3). The transition season ("spring - autumn - spring") 2011/12 Spartak again finished in second place, only at the last moment ahead of CSKA and Dynamo (Moscow). After that, it was decided that Karpin would leave the post of head coach, while remaining the CEO of the team.

The new head coach of the team was appointed Spanish specialist Unai Emery, who has worked well in working with Valencia. Spartak spent the first matches under his leadership confidently, briefly leading the championship standings, and also entered the group stage of the Champions League, having passed the Turkish “Fenerbahce” qualification. However, then the team’s results began to deteriorate rapidly, the “red-white” fell to the middle of the standings, and in the Champions League took last place in the group. In addition, Emery has a conflict with the Russian-speaking players of the team. After the defeat against Dynamo with a score of 1: 5, team striker Artyom Dziuba called Emery the “coach”. The day after this defeat, the Spaniard was fired, and Karpin again took over as head coach. The post of general director of the club was taken by Roman Askhabadze. Karpin again managed to establish the team’s game, “Spartak” remained one step away from getting into the medalists. Before the start of the new season, Karpin was tasked with winning one of three possible tournaments in which Spartak is participating. However, the task was failed, and in March 2014, Karpin was fired, Dmitry Gunko was appointed acting head coach, but he was not able to get the team out of the crisis. Spartak finished the season in 6th place.

Massimo Carrera

In the 2014/15 season, the leadership of Spartak again made an attempt to invite a foreign coach to the post. This time they became Swiss Murat Yakin. On September 5, 2014, the opening of the new Spartak stadium, Otkritie Arena, took place, in the opening match of the stadium the Red and White tied (1: 1) with the Serbian club Crvena Zvezda (Dmitry Kombarov scored the first goal at the new stadium). The new coach failed to bring the team the desired result: Spartak again took 6th place in the championship. At the end of the season, Leonid Fedun said he was leaving the post of chairman of the club’s board of directors. The head coach Yakin and the general director Askhabadze also left the club. Leading posts at Spartak were occupied by Sergey Rodionov (CEO) and Dmitry Alenichev (head coach). The coaching staff included former Spartak players - Yegor Titov (assistant head coach) and Dmitry Ananko (assistant head coach). The first and only season 2015/16 under the leadership of Alenichev “Spartak” finished in 5th place and qualified for the Europa League for the next season.

Before the 2016/17 season, instead of Ananko, Italian coach Massimo Carrera became an assistant to Alenichev. On August 4, Spartak, at the end of the home leg of the third qualifying round of the Europa League, conceded a goal from the AEK Cypriot club, which led to the defeat of the team and the relegation from European cups. AEK before the start of the season was 280th in the UEFA ranking. Alenichev described the incident as a disgrace and resigned the next day. The head coach was Carrera. Under the guidance of an Italian specialist, Spartak has taken leadership in the championship since the 4th round. Spartak confidently finished the first round of the championship in first place, ahead of the nearest pursuer by 6 points. In the spring part of the championship wards Carrera alternately beat their main pursuers - Zenit and CSKA (inflicting a red-blue first defeat in the new arena) with the same score 2: 1 and practically guaranteed themselves the championship. Officially, this happened as part of the 27th round of the championship, after Spartak beat Tom with a minimum score (Quincy Promes scored the winning goal from the penalty spot), and the next day Zenit lost to Terek with the same score, after that, the separation of the red-white from the closest pursuer became ten points, and they became inaccessible to competitors. Thus, Spartak managed to win the first championship in 16 years and interrupt the 13-year series without trophies.

Spartak logo

Quincy Promes

Having become the champion according to the results of the last season, Spartak Moscow got the right to play in the Russian Super Cup. His rival was the Moscow Lokomotiv, and the match was held at the eponymous stadium (which since August 2017 has been called the Russian Railways Arena). In the main time of the match, goals were not scored, and in the extra “Spartak” was stronger (goals against “red-white” scored by Quincy Promes and Luis Adriano) - 2: 1. Thus, Spartak won the Russian Super Cup for the first time; it was the only trophy that this club had not previously won.

Spartak started the 2017/18 season with two draws. In the match against Dynamo (2: 2), the red-white led 2-0, but in the compensated time they lost the victory in 92 minutes, in the 2nd round they played a goalless draw 0-0 with Ufa. In the 3rd round, wards Massimo Carrera won their first victory of the season, beating Krasnodar with a score of 2: 0. in the 4th, 6th and 7th rounds of the championship Spartak suffered three defeats from its main competitors - Zenit, CSKA and Lokomotiv, respectively, in the 8th round - a zero draw with the SKA-Khabarovsk Football club news "(Debutant of the championship). From the 8th round, Spartak began a win-win series in championship matches, which lasted until the 25th round (until April 8, 2018, respectively), while from the 16th to the 20th round, Spartak won 5 consecutive wins. This unbeaten run in 18 matches and the winning streak in 5 matches have been a record among all the Premier League clubs this season. This series was followed by three consecutive defeats, one of which was in the Cup of Russia from Tosno at the Otkrytie Arena stadium and in the championship from Ural and Akhmat. Then followed two victories over Amkar and Rostov. In the last round, Spartak suffered a home defeat from Dynamo Moscow (0: 1) and lost to CSKA second place, and won bronze medals for the third time in the history of Russian championships. The top scorer of Spartak and the entire championship was Quincy Promes.

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